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Monthly Archives: November 2017

Endocrine System

Just like other parts of the body, the endocrine system is also affected by diseases. The conditions are brought about by various reasons such as:

  • Diseases
  • Issues with the endocrine feedback system
  • Failure of an endocrine gland to stimulate another gland to release hormones. For example, you can have a problem with the hypothalamus that will disrupt the production of a hormone in the pituitary gland.
  • A genetic disorder
  • Infections
  • Tumors
  • Injuries in the endocrine gland

The most common conditions are:

Cushing’s disease: This is the overproduction of a pituitary gland hormone that results to the over activity of the adrenal gland. In some cases, Cushing’s syndrome comes about in children that take high doses of corticosteroid medications.

Adrenal insufficiency: This condition comes about when the adrenal gland releases too little of cortisol or aldosterone hormones. When you are suffering from insufficient adrenal, you tend to experience stomach upset, fatigue, skin changes, and dehydration. One of the most common conditions that result from adrenal insufficiency is Addison’s disease.

Gigantism: You are said to be suffering from Gigantism when the pituitary gland produces too much of the growth hormone. Due to the excess of the hormone, the bones grow abnormally fast.

Hyper and hypothyroidism: As you might have guessed, you will be suffering from hyperthyroidism when the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. When you are suffering from hyperthyroidism, you experience weight loss, sweating, nervousness, and fast heart rate. In most cases, hyperthyroidism results from Grave’s disease which is an autoimmune disorder.

Hypothyroidism on the other hand results when the thyroid gland fails to produce enough thyroid hormone. When suffering from this condition, you tend to suffer from dry skin, depression, fatigue, and constipation.

Hypopituitarism: You have this condition when the pituitary gland doesn’t release enough hormones or produces too little hormone. The condition comes about due to pituitary gland diseases.

Polycystic ovary syndrome: The condition is characterized by overproduction of androgens that interfere with the egg development and the release of the female ovaries. Experts report that this condition is one of the leading causes of infertility.

Risk for Peripheral Neuropathy

There are over 100 types of peripheral neuropathy. All of which affect the nerves just a little differently. Doctors conclude the compounds that cause inflammation when combined with proteins and specific growth factors all play a role in nerve signaling, which leads to the neuropathy.

If you have ever had a limb fall asleep you have had the sensation. Pins and needles as the blood returns – it feels uncomfortable and sometimes painful. Only with neuropathy, that feeling doesn’t simply vanish. Numbness, tingling, pain, sensitivity, weakness and even burning may be experienced due to damaged nerves.

Diagnosis involves your health care provider testing your reflexes and muscle strength, as well as neurological tests to detect response to vibration, light touches, and pokes. Blood tests may be ordered as well, electromyography (tests electrical impulses), and in severe cases, a nerve biopsy may be taken.

The first step is to determine if the neuropathy is permanent or temporary. If it’s caused by a medication, stopping the medication should halt the symptom. If caused by a nutritional deficiency, supplementation and diet are altered and symptoms may resolve over time. If the cause is diabetes and nerve damage treatment will be aimed at non-allowance of further damage over time.

Treatments that heal

  • Nutritional Supplementation
  • Diet designed for your body’s needs
  • Regular chiropractic adjustments
  • Physical therapy
  • Custom designed exercise plan
  • Acupuncture
  • TENS Units (Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) may also be helpful. A review in Pain Management found that 4 to 6 weeks of TENS unit treatments can significantly improve pain, reduce numbness, and improve the quality of life.
  • Class IV Deep Tissue Laser
  • Medimassager Vibration
  • Infrared Lights Rebuilder
  • Neuro-Regeneration Home Unit

Safeguard Immune System

Vaccination or Immunisation- A number of serious infections can be prevented by immunisation. Whereas vaccination is used to cure a sore arm or low fever. The vaccination is generally safe and effective in curing such diseases. And when it comes to the infections, consult your doctor for the immunisation status. A number of health care providers and centres provide immunisation services. Generally:

Children should be given all necessary immunisations and vaccinations as and when recommended by the doctors.

All adults should make sure their vaccinations are up-to-date.

Travellers should get additional immunisations before their date of journey.

Food safety- Mark yourself safe from the causes of food-poisoning not because they are life-threatening but they can lead to serious medical conditions sometimes. For this, you have to prepare and store your food safely. Take necessary precautions to kill germs or to prevent them entering your immune system:

Wash your hands with soap and water before and after each time you handle a raw food.

Rinse all meat, poultry, and fish under running water before cooking. Rinse all fruits and vegetables under running water before cooking or serving them.

Separate raw foods and cooked foods, and never use the same utensils or cutting boards with cooked meat that were used with raw meat.

Healthy travel- If you’re planning a trip, make sure you consult your doctor once, for, if your body needs some immunisations and vaccines before you make any travel. Consult your doctor at least 3 months or as early as possible about your journey and ask him about the precautions you have to take during your visit to the place.

Types of Hearing Loss

Conductive Hearing Loss

Definition: This type is a condition that obstructs the passing of sound coming from outer ear going to the middle ear and passing through inner ear. With this, you may need more energy or loudness to hear a sound more clearly.

Causes: Common causes of are ear infection, allergies, abnormal bone growth in your middle ear, a punctured eardrum, excessive earwax, or a fluid build up from colds.

Treatments: Traditional and modern hearing aids are effective devices to use to correct it. Available hearing technologies can also be used to treat this type. These treatments are middle ear implants, bone anchored hearing devices, and bone conduction hearing aids.

Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Definition: Sensorineural is the most typical type. It involves an inner ear problem or the auditory nerve. When you have sensorineural hearing loss, it is difficult for you to transfer nerve signals to your brain, making it hard to recognise the clarity and volume of sounds.

Causes: You can have it from birth or from exposure to intense and deafening noise. Other causes can be traumatic injuries, a side effect from medicines, ear infections, deterioration due to ageing, and etc.

Treatments: There is no complete method that can repair the damaged auditory nerve. Even medical or surgical treatment can’t fix the impaired tiny hair-like cells in your inner ear. Treatments such as aids or cochlear implants can help aid this problem. The solution will depend on the assessment of the severity of the hearing loss.

Mixed Hearing Loss

Definition: From the name itself, it is a combination of the conductive and sensorineural. In this type, you may be suffering from ear damage in the outer/middle/inner ear or auditory nerve. When you are experiencing factors that contributed to these two types of disorders, then you might have the mixed hearing loss and it is advised to immediately seek help from audiologists.

Causes: An ear trauma, active ear infection, and all the causes of both conductive and sensorineural hearing loss can contribute to this hearing issue.

Treatments: Suitable treatment depends on what components are more prominent, is it conductive or sensorineural. If it is more of the conductive factors, medical and surgical procedures are suitable options. If the loss is more on the sensorineural components, hearing aid and implantable hearing devices are the effective solutions.